What is Dyslexia?

Simply Me., Inc. Dyslexia Perception - Las Cruces Dyslexia Education

Dyslexia is a language processing disorder which makes learning to read, spell, and write difficult for children, teenagers, and adults. Dyslexia is genetic, so it is runs in families.

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40% of children with dyslexia also have AD/HD.

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What is Phonemic Awareness?

Phonemic awareness is the ability to recognize individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken language. National institutes of Health (NIH) research has proven repeatedly that a weakness in phonemic awareness predicts reading failure.

Use this list to check for weaknesses in the following areas of phonemic awareness.

  • Isolating sounds: What individual sounds do you hear in mop ? What is the first sound ? The last sound ?
  • Substituting sounds: What word do you get if you change the first sound in mop to / t / ? Or change the last sound of top to / m / ?
  • Matching sounds: Do met and mouse begin with the same sound ?
  • Counting sounds: How many sounds do you hear in cup ? at ? top ?
  • Deleting sounds: Say tan without the / t /. What word would you get?
  • Blending sounds: Blend these sounds / b / / a / / t /. What word do you get ?
  • Rhyming words: How many words can you think of that rhyme with sat ? call ?

What is the Screening Procedure?

Simply Me., Inc. Dyslexia Perception - Las Cruces Dyslexia Education

Before screening, the dyslexia specialist will consult with the parents of a child or an adult seeking screening to review development, genetic, and educational history. Since no one screening sample can diagnose dyslexia, a screening battery is given to assess the following areas:

  • Auditory Processing Skills
  • Memory (visual & auditory)
  • Reading Words in Isolation
  • Reading Fluency
  • Spelling
  • Dysgraphia
  • Written Expression.

Click to view a great source about screening information and who should screen for dyslexia.