Phonemic awareness is the ability to recognize individual sounds (phonemes) in spoken language. National institutes of Health (NIH) research has proven repeatedly that a weakness in phonemic awareness predicts reading failure.
Use this list to check for weaknesses in the following areas of phonemic awareness.
Isolating sounds: What individual sounds do you hear in mop ? What is the first sound ? The last sound ?
Substituting sounds: What word do you get if you change the first sound in mop to / t / ? Or change the last sound of top to / m / ?
Matching sounds: Do met and mouse begin with the same sound ?
Counting sounds: How many sounds do you hear in cup ? at ? top ?
Deleting sounds: Say tan without the / t /. What word would you get?
Blending sounds: Blend these sounds / b / / a / / t /. What word do you get ?
Rhyming words: How many words can you think of that rhyme with sat ? call ?
What is the Screening Procedure?
Before screening, the dyslexia specialist will consult with the parents of a child or an adult seeking screening to review development, genetic, and educational history. Since no one screening sample can diagnose dyslexia, a screening battery is given to assess the following areas: